How is TB treated?

Answer

The recommended treatment and cure for TB is a strategy called DOTS (directly observed treatment, short course). DOTS cures TB up to 95% of the time, even in very poor countries.

People with TB disease need to take anti-TB drugs every day for at least six to eight months. Because it can be very hard to remember to take the right amount of medication every day for a long time, the DOTS method recommends that people go to a health center for treatment every day to make sure that the person with TB swallows the correct dose of the right anti-TB medicines.

Usually, a person with TB will be given a combination of more than one of the following anti-TB drugs:

  • ethambutol;
  • isoniazid;
  • pyrazinamide;
  • rifampicin; and/or
  • streptomycin.

Often, the drugs are conveniently combined into a single tablet, such as RMZ, which makes them easier to take.

After two months of treatment, another saliva sample is analyzed to make sure the drugs are working. At the end of treatment, a final saliva sample is analyzed to make sure the germs are gone.

Even if DOTS is not available in your area to give you medical support to follow the treatment schedule, remember that taking the correct dosage of the anti-TB drugs every day for the whole prescription period is very important if you want to be cured.

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  • AIDS Resource Center
  • AIDS Resource Center
  • AIDS Resource Center
  • AIDS Resource Center
  • AIDS Resource Center
  • AIDS Resource Center