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How does a person get HIV?

Answer

These are the main ways in which someone can become infected with HIV:

  • Having vaginal or anal sex without a condom with someone who is infected.
  • Having contact with the blood of someone who has HIV. This could be having a blood transfusion from someone who is infected with HIV
  • From a mother who has HIV to her baby: HIV can pass to the baby during pregnancy, during the birth of the baby, or through breast-feeding. Only about one in three babies born to HIV-positive mothers get HIV.
  • Receiving an injection from an unsterilized needle that was previously used by someone with HIV.

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